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赵氏孤儿的翻译赏析

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  赵氏孤儿的翻译赏析

  一、翻译重点 

og真人  tuanjiazhe,shiyouchongyulinggong,jizhiyujinggong,erjiaweisikou①。jiangzuonan,naizhilinggongzhizei②,yizhizhaodun。biangaozhujiangyue: “dunsuibuzhi,youweizeishou,yichenshijun,zisunzaichao,heyichengzui,qingzhuzhi。” hanjueyue③: “linggongyuzei,zhaodunzaiwai,wuxianjunyiweiwuzui,gubuzhu。jinzhujunjiangzhuqihou,shifeixianjunzhiyi,erjinwangzhu。wangzhu,weizhiluanchen。youdashierjunbuwen,shiwujunye。” tuanjiabuting。hanjuegaozhaoshuoquwang,shuobuken,yue: “zibibujuezhaosi,shuosibuhen。”hanjuexunuo,chengjibuchu。jiabuqing,ershanyuzhujianggongzhaoshiyuxiagong,shazhaoshuo、zhaotong、zhaokuo、zhaoyingqi,jiemieqizu。zhaoshuoqichenggongzi,youyifu④,zougonggongni。

  zhaoshuokeyuegongsunchujiu,chujiuweishuoyourenchengyingyue: “hubusi?” chengyingyue:“shuozhifuyouyifu,ruoxingernan,wufengzhi; jinvye,wuxusier。” juwuhe,ershuofumianshen⑤,shengnan。tuanjiawenzhi,suoyugongzhong。furenzhierkuzhong,zhuyue: “zhaozongmiehu,ruohao; jibumie,ruowusheng。” jisuo,erjingwusheng,yituo。chengyingweigongsunchujiuyue: “jinyisuobude,houbiqiefusuozhi,naihe?” gongsunchujiuyue: “liguyusishunan?” chengyingyue: “siyi,ligunaner!” gongsunchujiuyue:“zhaoshixianjunyuzihou,ziqiangweiqinanzhe,wuweiqiyizhe,qingxiansi。” naierrenmouqutarenyingerfuzhi,yiyiwenbaonishanzhong⑥。chengyingchu,miuweizhujiangjunyue:“yingbuxiao,bunenglizhaogu,sheinengyuwoqianjin,wugaozhaoshiguchu。”zhujiangjiexi,xuzhi,fashisuichengyinggonggongsunchujiu。chujiumiuyue: “xiaorenzaichengying! xixiagongzhinan,bunengsi,yuwomounizhaoshiguer,jinyoumaiwo⑦,zongbunengli,errenmaizhihu?”baoerhuyue: “tianhu! tianhu! zhaoshiguerhezui?qinghuozhi! dushachujiukeye!”zhujiangbuxu,suishachujiuyuguer。zhujiangyiweizhaoshiguerliangyisi,jiexi。ranzhaoshizhengunaifanzai,chengyingzuyujunishanzhong。

og真人  jushiwunian,jinjinggongji,buzhi,dayezhihou,busuizheweisui⑧。jinggongwenhanjue,hanjuezhizhaoguzai,naiyue: “dayezhihou,zaijinjuesizhe,qizhaoshihu?fuzizhongyanzhe⑨,jieyingxingye。zhongyanrenmianniaozhou,jiangzuoyindidawu,jizhoutianzi,jieyoumingde,xiajiyou、liwudao,ershudaiquzhoushijin⑩,shixianjunwenhou,zhiyuchenggong,shiyouligong,weichangjuesi。jinwujundumiezhaozong,guorenaizhi,gujianguice(11),weijuntuzhi。” jinggongwenzhaoshangyouhouzisunhu,hanjuejuyishigao。yushi,jinggongnaiyuhanjuemoulizhaoshiguer,zhaoernizhigongzhong。zhujiangruwenji,jinggongyinhanjuezhizhong,yixiezhujiangerjianzhaogu。zhaogumingyuewu。zhujiangbudeyi,naiyue: “xixiagongzhinan,tuanjiaweizhi,jiaoyijunming,bingmingqunchen,feiran,shuganzuonan?weijunzhiji,qunchenguqieqinglizhaohou。jinjunyouming,qunchenzhiyuanye。” yushi,zhaozhaowu、chengyingbianbaizhujiang,suifanyuchengying、zhaowugongtuanjia,mieqizu。fuyuzhaowutianyirugu。

  jizhaowuguan,weichengren,chengyingnaicizhudafu,weizhaowuyue: “xixiagongzhinan,jienengsi,wofeibunengsi,wosilizhaoshizhihou,jinzhaowujiliweichengren,fuguwei,wojiangxiabaozhaoxuanmengyugongsunchujiu(12)。” zhaowutiqi,dunshouguqingyue:“wuyuankujinguyibaozizhisi,erzirenquwosihu?” chengyingyue: “buke! biyiwoweinengchengshi,guxianwosi,jinwobubao,shiyiwoshiweibucheng。”suizisha。zhaowufuqishuaisannian(13),weizhijiyi,chunqiucizhi,shishiwujue。

  二、译文

   tuanjiazheigeren,congqianhendejinlinggongdechongxin。daolejinjinggongdeshihou,tuanjiadeguanweizhisikou。tadasuanmoufanzuoluan,bianxianzhaolegejiekou: yaochengbancongqianshasijinlinggongdezuifan。cishihaiqianchedaozhaodun。tuanjiadaochushanfeng,duisuoyoudejiangshimenshuo: “zhaodundangshisuiranbiaomianbuzhidaocishi,dantaandilishiweizeizhishounao。zuoweichenzishasijunwang,zisunquerengranzaichaolizuoshi,ruhechengzhitamenni? haishishaletamenba!” hanjueshuo: “linggongyuhaishi,zhaodunzaiwaimian,ogzhenrendexianjunrenweitawuzui,suoyibushata。erjinzhuweiyaoshatadehoudai,zheibushixianjundezhuyi,xianjinzheiyangzuoshilansha。lansha,jiujiaozuoluanchenzeizi。youdashiqingerjunwangbuzhidao,jiuxiangmeiyoujunzhuyiyang ” tuanjiabutinghanjuezhiyan。hanjuezhihaojiangcishigaozhizhaoshuo,jiaotakuaitaozou。zhaoshuobukentao,shuo: “nibidingbuhuimiejuewozhaoside,wosierwuhen。” hanjuedayinglezhaoshuodeqingqiu,congcibianchengbingbuchulailishi。houlai,tuanjiabudaochaozhongqingshi,bianshanziyusuoyoujiangshiyiqigongdazhaoshijiazujuzhudi——xiagong,shasizhaoshuo、zhaotong、zhaokuo、zhaoyingqi,bingbaqizongzutongtongmiediao。zhaoshuodeqizishichenggongdejiejie,cishizhengyoushenyun,bianpaodaochenggongdegongliduozangqilai。

og真人  zhaoshuojiayouyishikemingjiaogongsunchujiu。chujiuduizhaoshuodehaoyouchengyingshuo: “niweishenmehaimeisini?” chengyingshuo: “zhaoshuodeqiziyouleshenyun,ruguoyouxingshigenanhai,woyaofengyangtajichengzhaojiaxuetong; yaoshishenggenvhai,wozaisiyebuchi。” guolebujiu,zhaoshuozhiqifenmian,shengxiayinanhai。tuanjiatingshuocishihou,qugongzhongsousuohaizi。zhaofurenjianghaizifangzaikudangli,binganandaogaoshuo: “zhaoshizongzuruoyaomiejue,nijiuhaoku; ruotianbumiezhao,nijiubuyaochushengba!”daoleyourenlaisousuoshi,xiaoerjingranmeiyouchusheng,biantaotuozheiyijie。chengyingduigongsunchujiushuo:“jintian,tamenmeisousuodaohaizi,yihoubidinghaiyaolaisousuota。zenmebanni?” gongsunchujiushuo:“liguhesizheiliangjianshi,najiannanni?” chengyingshuo: “si,henrongyi; liguzehennanna!” gongsunchujiushuo: “zhaoshixianjundainienhou,nizuonandeshiqing,wozuorongyideshiqing,rangwoxiansiba!” yushi,liangrenmouhua,yongbierendeyingerhuanxiazhaoshiguer,chuanshangpiaoliangdeqiangbao,jiangzhaoguzangnidaoshanzhong。ranhou,chengyingzouchushan,guyiduigeweijiangshishuo: “wochengyingmeibenshi,bunengcunlizhaoshiguer,sheinenggoujiwoyiqianliangjinzi,wojiugaosutazhaoshiguerdesuozai。” geweijiangshidouhengaoxing,dayingchengyingdeyaoqiu,bingpaibinggensuichengyingqugongdagongsunchujiu。chujiuguyimadao:“xiaorenya,chengying! dangchu,xiagongzaohuonan,nibukensi,dingyaoyuwohemouzangnizhaoshiguer,jintianniyouchumaiwo。nizongranmeinenglicunlita,yebunengrenxinchumaitaya!” bianbaozhexiaoerhuhandao: “tianna! tianna! zhaoshigueryoushenmezuiya? qingnimenrangtahuoxialaiba! zhishawochujiukeyima?” geweijiangshibudaying。bianshalechujiuheguer。zhujiangyiweizhaoshiguerqueshisile,douhengaoxing。raner,zhendezhaoshiguerquefanerdehuoming。chengyingshizhonghetayiqizangnizaishanzhong。

  guoleshiwunian,jinjinggongshengbing,qubugua,bucishangshuo: “youweidagongyezhirendehousi,meiyousuiqiyi,yineryintazuoguai。”jinggongnacishiwenhanjue。hanjuezhidaozhaoguhaihuozhe,bianduijinggongshuo: “youweidagongyezhihousi,zaijinjueside,neijiushizhaoshima! qizuzongcongweizhongyankaishi,doushiyingxing,zhongyandexiangmaotebie,shirenmianniaozui。daoleyinchao,fuzuoyindidawu,yizhidaozhouchaodetianzishi,qizudoushihenyoumingwangde。chuandaozhouyouwang、zhouliwangshi,yinweicierwanghencanbao,wujundao,zhongyandehousishudaijiulikaizhouchaodaolejinguo,fushixianjunwenhou,yizhidaochenggong,shishidaidaidouliyougongye,weicengjuesi。erjinweiduniqueyaomiediaozhaoshi,quanguoderendouweizhibeiai,suoyicishixianxianzaiguiceshang。zheishizhiyoujunwangnizijinazhuyile。” jinggongwenhanjue,zhaoshijiazuxianzaihaiyouhoudaizisunmeiyou,hanjuejiangzhaogushiqingwanquangaosulejinggong。yushi,jinggongbianyuhanjueshangmoucunlizhaoshiguershi,jiangzhaoguzhaohuanhuigongzhongzangniqilai。zhujiangjinrugongzhongwenhoujinggongdebing,jinggongyizhanghanjuerenduoshizhong,xiepozhujiangbingzhaojianzhaogu。zhaogumingjiaozhaowu。zhujiangmeifakexiang,bianshuo: “congqianxiagongzaohuonan,doushituanjiadezuowei,tajiajiejunzhunidemingling,bingqieminglingogzhenrenqunchenquban。buran,nageganquzuoluan? nijunwangyouxiaobingshi,ogzhenrenbendasuanqingqiucunlizhaoshihousi,erjinyoulenijunwangdemingling,neishiogzhenrenqunchendeyuanwangle。” yushi,zhaohuanzhaowu、chengyingchulaibianbaizhujiang,zhujiangbianfanguolaiyuchengying、zhaowuyitonggongdatuanjia,bingmiediaotuanjiadejiazu。youjiangzhaoshiyuanyoudetianyihaijilezhaowu。

og真人  daolezhaowuzhangdachengrenshi,chengyingbianyuzhuweidafugaoci,bingduizhaowushuo: “congqianxiagongzaonanshi,tamendousile,wobingbushitanshengbukenqusi,woshixiangbaocunzhaoshidehoudai,erjinzhaowujiranzhangchengdarenle,youguifujiuweile,woyaodaodixiaquxiangzhaoxuanmenghegongsunchujiubaogao。”zhaowutikuqilai,kezhetoujianchiqingqiudao:“wozhaowuqingyuanlaokuwodejingulaibaodaniyibeizideenhui,ernizenrenxinlikaiwoqusini?”chengyingshuo: “zheishibuxingde,tamenrenweiwonengbanchengzheijianshi,suoyiliuxiawoertamenxiansile。erjinwobuqubaogao,zheijiushishuowobancishibuchenggong。” yushi,chengyingbianzishaersi。zhaowuweichengyingfuqishuaisannian,weitashelijiyi,chunqiuerjijidianta,shishidaidaibuduanjue。

  三、鉴赏

og真人  chengyingyugongsunchujiugongcunzhaoshiguer,shiqianguliuchuandezhongzhengengjiezhiju,yeshixiquwutaishangyanchangdelijiubushuaidegushi。benwenfensigecengci:

og真人  (yi)xiagongzhiluan。jianzeituanjiayuzuoluan,jiekouchengzhicishalinggongzhizei(zhaochuan),benlaizhaochuanzaijinchenggongjiweihouyibeichuzhi,shiqingyiguoquleqibanian,xianzaituanjiayouyaozhulianjiyonglijinchenggongdezhaodun (zhaochuanzhixiong)jiqizisun,shijishangshizhushazhongliang,paichutazuoluandezhangai。suoyi,mingzhilinggongyunanshizhaodunzaiwai,qieweibeijinchenggongrendingzhaodunwuzuidechengming,jinshazhaoshiyijiajimieqizu。zhiyouzhaoshuoqishijinchenggongjie,taorugongzhongcaimianyunan。

og真人  (er)cungu。zhaoshuoqishengxiananhaihou,jiaoxingduoguoleyicisousuo。zhaoshuomenkegongsunchujiuyuyourenchengyingshangyi,jiangzhaoshiguerquchugongzhong,zaiyongyiyingerzhihuan,yougongsunchujiuzangnishanzhong,zaiyouchengyingjubao,shagongsunchujiuyu“jiaguer”,er“zhenguer”youchengyingzangnishanzhongfuyang。

og真人  (san)fuwei。shiwunianhoujinjinggongshengbing,zhanbuzhicicheng: “dayezhihou,busuizheweisui。”jingdachenhanjuejieci,renweizhaoshiyijiaziyin、zhouzhijin,shidaizhongliang,liyoudagong,jingbeimiesha,guorenaizhi,gujianyuguici。yushi,jinjinggongjuedingzhaohuizhaoshiguer(zhaowu),bingzhuijiutuanjiadezuize,mieqizu。zhaowudeyifuguwei。

og真人  (si)siyi。zhaowujiaguanweichengren,chengyingcizhudafu,bingduizhaowushuo: “xiagongzhinanshiwomeiyousi,jiushixianglizhaoshizhihou,rujinniyichengren,fuwei,woyaoquhuangquanxiangzhaoxuanmeng(zhaodun)jigongsunchujiubaogao,shuoyiwanchengletamenweituowodeshiming。”suizisha。

  quanwenyuyansuijianjie,qingjiequeqifuduobian。gongsunchujiuyuchengyingweicunzhongliangzhihou,weibaozhuziheyourendeenyu,bupaxiee,sheshenxiangjiu,biaoxianletamenyouyongyoumou,youdanyoushi,weihuzhengyizhiju,keweizhongganyidan,jingtiandi、qiguishen,juyouhanrenxinpozhili!


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