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高考语文: 烛之武退秦师原文翻译

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og真人  gaozhongxuedewenyanwenzhongyouyipiantebiezhongyaodewenzhangjiaozuozhuzhiwutuiqinshi,neizheipianwenzhangyaozenmefanyini?buqingchudekaoshengkanguolai,xiamianyouchuguoliuxuewangxiaobianweinijingxinzhunbeile“gaokaoyuwen: zhuzhiwutuiqinshiyuanwenfanyi”,chixuguanzhubenzhanjiangkeyichixuhuoqugengduodekaoshizixun!

  高考语文: 烛之武退秦师原文翻译

og真人  《zhuzhiwutuiqinshi》xuanzi《zuochuan·xigongshisannian》。benpiansuojishudeshiqinjindajunbinglinchengxia,zhengguoweiruoleiluan。shoumingyuweinanzhijidezhuzhiwu,bufeiyibingyizu,budongyidaoyiqiang,queshiqinjinliangguomengsanyuehui,liangzhirenmazidongchelidegushi。

  一、《烛之武退秦师》原文

  jinhou、qinboweizheng,yiqiwuliyujin,qieeryuchuye。jinjunhanling,qinjunfannan。

og真人  yizhihuyanyuzhengboyue: “guoweiyi,ruoshizhuzhiwujianqinjun,shibitui。”gongcongzhi。ciyue: “chenzhizhuangye,youbururen;jinlaoyi,wunengweiyeyi。”gongyue: “wubunengzaoyongzi,jinjierqiuzi,shiguarenzhiguoye。ranzhengwang,ziyiyoubuliyan!”xuzhi。

  yezhuierchu,jianqinbo,yue: “qin、jinweizheng,zhengjizhiwangyi。ruowangzhengeryouyiyujun,ganyifanzhishi。yueguoyibiyuan,junzhiqinanye,yanyongwangzhengyipeilin?linzhihou,junzhiboye。ruoshezhengyiweidongdaozhu,xinglizhiwanglai,gongqifakun,junyiwusuohai。qiejunchangweijinjunciyi,xujunjiao、xia,chaojierxishebanyan,junzhisuozhiye。fujin,heyanzhiyou?jidongfengzheng,youyusiqixifeng,ruobuqueqin,jiangyanquzhi?queqinyilijin,weijuntuzhi。”qinboshuo,yuzhengrenmeng。shiqizi、fengsun、yangsunshuzhi,naihai。

  zifanqingjizhi。gongyue: “buke。weifurenzhilibujici。yinrenzhilierbizhi,buren;shiqisuoyu,buzhi;yiluanyizheng,buwu。wuqihaiye。”yiquzhi。

  二、《烛之武退秦师》译文

  xigongsanshinianjinwengongheqinmugonglianheweigongzhengguo,yinweizhengguocengduijinwengongwuli,bingqiecongshuyujindetongshiyoucongshuyuchu。jinjunzhuzhazaihanling,qinjunzhuzhazaifanshuidenanmian。

  yizhihuduizhengwengongshuo: “guojiaweixianle,jiarupaizhuzhiwuqujianqinmugong,qinguodejunduiyidinghuichetui。”zhengwengongtongyile。zhuzhiwutuicishuo: “wozhuangniandeshihou,shangqieburubieren;xianzailaole,yebunengyoushenmezuoweile。”zhengwengongshuo: “womeiyoujizaozhongyongnin,xianzaiyouyuqingkuangweijiyinerqiunin,zheishiwodeguocuo。ranerzhengguomiewangle,duininyebulia!”zhuzhiwujiudayinglezheijianshi。

  zaiyewanyourenyongshengzijiangzhuzhiwucongchengloufangxiaqu,jiandaoqinmugong,zhuzhiwushuo: “qin、jinliangguoweigongzhengguo,zhengguoyijingzhidaoyaomiewangle。jiarumiediaozhengguoduininyouhaochu,zenganmaomeidinazheijianshiqinglaimafannin。raneryueguobieguobayuanfangdezhengguozuoweiqinguodedongbubianyi,ninzhidaozheishikunnande,weishenmeyaomiediaozhengguoerjilinguozengjiatudini?linguodeshilixionghoule,ninqinguodeshiliyejiuxiangduixueruole。ruguoninfangqiweigongzhengguoerbatadangzuodongfangdaolushangzhaodaiguokedezhuren,chushiderenlailaiwangwang,zhengguokeyisuishigongjitamenquefadedongxi,duininyemeiyoushenmehaichu。erqienincengjingjiyujinhuigongenhui,huigongcengjingdayingjininjiao、xiaerzuochengchi。ranerhuigongzaoshangduguohuanghehuiguo,wanshangjiuzaineilizhuchengfangyu,zheishininsuozhidaode。jinguo,zenmehuiyoumanzudeshihouni?xianzaitayijingzaidongbianshizhengguochengweitadebianjing,youxiangyaoxiangxikuodabianjie。ruguobushiqinguotudikuisun,tadaonaliquduoqutudi?xueruoqinguoduijinguoyouli,xiwangninhaishiduoduokaolvzheijianshi!”qinbofeichanggaoxing,jiuyuzhengguoqiandinglemengyue。paiqianqizi、fengsun、yangsunshushouzhengguo,qinbojiuhuiguole。

  jindafuzifanqingqiuchubinggongjiqinjun。jinwengongshuo: “buxing!rubushiqinguoguojundeliliang,jiumeiyouwodejintian。yikaobierendeliliangeryoufanguolaisunhaita,zheishiburenyide;shidiaozijidetongmengzhe,zheishibumingzhide;yonghunluanxianggongqudailianheyizhi,shibufuhewudede。ogzhenrenhaishihuiquba!”jinjunyejiulikailezhengguo。

  高考语文: 烛之武退秦师全文翻译简析

og真人  zhuzhiwutuiqinshijishudeshiqinjinlianhegongdazhengguozhiqiankaizhandeyichangwaijiaodouzheng,zhuzhiwuyiyijizhili,pingjieduishijudedongruoguanhuoheguorendebiancai,zhongyushizhengguomianyumiewang,qilinweibuju、jiechuguonandejingshenyijinengyanshanbiandejiechuwaijiaocaineng,weirenzantan。

  一、原文及对照翻译

og真人  1.jiuyuejiawu,jinhou、qinboweizheng,yiqiwuliyujin,qieeryuchuye。

  (xigongsanshinian)jiuyueshiri,jinwengongheqinmugonglianheweigongzhengguo,yinweizhengguocengduijinwengongwuli,(jinwengongluonanshihou,cengjingguozhengguo,bushoulidai)bingqiecongshuyujinguodetongshiyoucongshuyuchuguo。  

  2.jinjunhanling,qinjunfannan。  

og真人  (zhengboyoujinmengzaixian,youbukenzhuanyishijin,youshengjiechuzhixin。)jinjunzhuzhazaihanling,qinjunzhuzhazaifanshuidenanmian。 

  3.yizhihuyanyuzhengboyue: “guoweiyi,ruo⑥\shizhuzhiwujianqinjun,shibitui。”gongcongzhi。 

  zhengguodafuduizhengboshuo: “zhengguochuyuweixianzhizhong,ruguonengpaizhuzhiwuqujianqinbo,yidingnengshuofutamenchejun。”zhengbotongyile。 

  4.ciyue: “chenzhizhuangye,youbururen;jinlaoyi,wunengweiyeyi。” zhuzhiwutuicishuo: “wonianqingshi,shangqieburubieren;xianzailaole,bunengganshenmele。” 

  5.gongyue: “wubunengzaoyongzi,jinjierqiuzi,shiguarenzhiguoye。ranzhengwang,ziyiyoubuliyan!”xuzhi。 

  zhengwengongshuo: “wozaoxianmeiyouzhongyongnin,xianzaiweijizhizhongqiunin,zheishiwodeguocuo。ranerzhengguomiewangle,duininyebulia!”zhuzhiwujiudayingle。 

  6.ye,zhuierchu。 

og真人  yewan(youren)yongshengzi(jiangzhuzhiwu)congchengshangfangxiaqu。  

  7.jianqinboyue: “qin、jinweizheng,zhengjizhiwangyi。 

og真人  qujianqinbo,zhuzhiwushuo: “qin、jinliangguoweigongzhengguo,zhengguoyijingzhidaoyaomiewangle。 

og真人  8.ruowangzhengeryouyiyujun,ganyifanzhishi。 

  ruguomiediaozhengguoduininyouhaochu,zengannazheijianshiqinglaimafannin。  

og真人  9.yueguoyibiyuan,junzhiqinanye。 

og真人  yueguobiedeguojiabayuandizuowei(qinguode)bianyi,ninzhidaozheishikunnande。  

og真人  10.yanyongwangzhengyipeilin?linzhihou,junzhiboye。 

  (nin)weishenmeyaomiediaozhengguoerjilinguozengjiatudini?linguodeguolixionghoule,nindeguoliyejiuxiangduixueruole。

og真人  11.ruoshezhengyiweidongdaozhu,xinglizhiwanglai,gongqifakun,junyiwusuohai。

  ruguoninfangqiweigongzhengguoerbatadangzuodongfangdaolushangjiedaiguokedezhuren,chushiderenlailaiwangwang,(zhengguokeyisuishi)gongjitamenqueshaodedongxi,duininyemeiyoushenmehaichu。 

  12.qiejunchangweijinjunciyi;xujunjiao、xia,chaojierxishebanyan,junzhisuozhiye。

  erqienincengjingjiyujinhuigongenhui,jinhuigongcengjingdayingjininjiao、xiaerzuochengchi。 

og真人  13.fujin,heyanzhiyou?jidongfengzheng,youyusiqixifeng,ruobuqueqin,jiangyanquzhi?queqinyilijin,weijuntuzhi。” 

  (raner,)tazaoshangduguohuanghehuiguo,wanshangjiuxiuzhufangyugongshi,zheishininzhidaode。jinguo,heshicainengmanzuni?(xianzaita)yijingzaidongbianshizhengguochengweitadebianjing,youxiangwangxikuodabianjie。ruguobuqinsunqinguo,jiangcongnalidedaotasuotanqiudetudini?xueruoqinguoduijinguoyouli,xiwangninkaolvzheijianshi!”qinbohengaoxing,jiuyuzhengguoqiandinglemengyue。 

  14.qinboshuo,yuzhengrenmeng,shiqizi、fengsun、yangsunshuzhi,naihai。 

og真人  paiqizi、fengsun、yangsunshouweizhengguo,yushiqinguojiuchejunle。

  15.zifanqingjizhi。

og真人  zifanqingqiuxijiqinjun。  

  16.gongyue: “buke。weifurenzhilibujici。yinrenzhilierbizhi,buren;shiqisuoyu,buzhi;yiluanyizheng,buwu。wuqihaiye。”yiquzhi。 

  jinwengongshuo: “buxing!jiarumeiyouneirendeliliang,woshibuhuidaozheigedibude。yikaobierendeliliangeryoufanguolaisunhaita,zheishiburenyide;shidiaozijidetongmengguo,zheishibumingzhide;yonghunluanxianggongqudailianheyizhi,zheishibuyongwude。ogzhenrenhaishihuiquba!”jinjunyejiuchelilezhengguo。

  二、作品背景

  luxigongsanshinian(gongyuanqian630nian),jinguohechuguodazhanyuchengpu,jieguochuguodabai,jinguodebayewancheng。zaichengpuzhizhanzhong,zhengguocengxiezhuchuguoyiqigongdajinguo,erqiejinwengongnianqingshiliuwangdaozhengguo,shoudaolengyu,suoyiwengongbaxinchoujiuyuanjiadaoyikuai,yuliangnianhoulianheqinguotaofazhengguo。zhengbowenxunhou,paizhuzhiwumianjianqinmugong,quantatuibing。

og真人  zhuzhiwuqiaomiaodiliyongqin、jinliangguodemaodunbiaoxianchuchuchuweiqinguoliyizhexiangdeyangzi,fenxidangshidexingshi,zhuazhulihaiguanxi,shuomingbaocunzhengguoduiqinguoyouli,miediaozhengguoduiqinguobulidedaoli,zhongyushuodongqinguotuibing。jinjunshiqumengjunzhichihou,yebeipochelilezhengguo。ciwenjishijixulezheiyilishishijian。


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